The Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry (OCB) program was established in 2006 as one of the major activities of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program, an interagency body that coordinates and facilitates activities relevant to carbon cycle science, climate, and global change issues. The scientific mission of OCB is to study the evolving role of the ocean in the global carbon cycle, in the face of environmental variability and change through studies of marine biogeochemical cycles and associated ecosystems.
OCB Program Brochure (PDF)
Currently Identified Research Priorities
- Climate- and human-driven changes in ocean chemistry (e.g., acidification, expanding low-oxygen conditions, nutrient loading, etc.) and associated impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems
- Ocean carbon uptake and storage
- Estuarine and coastal carbon fluxes and processes, including exchanges with open ocean, terrestrial, and atmospheric reservoirs
- Water column and seafloor biological and biogeochemical processes and associated effects on carbon export and the biological pump
- Molecular-level responses of marine organisms to their changing environment
- Impacts of evolutionary changes on community structure, function and biogeochemical cycling in the face of global change
OCB is a network of scientists who work across disciplines, such as ocean chemistry, biology and physics, to understand the ocean’s role in the global carbon cycle and the response of marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles to environmental change. OCB is a bottom-up organization that responds to the continually evolving research priorities and needs of its network.
What do we do?
OCB brings together scientific disciplines and cultivates partnerships with complementary US and international programs to address high-priority research questions about marine ecosystems and biogeochemistry. OCB plays multiple important support roles for its network:
- Organizes and co-sponsors workshops, short courses, working groups and synthesis activities on emerging research issues
- Serves as a central information hub (websites, email list, newsletter, social media) to broadcast scientific news, opportunities, and research highlights
- Engages with relevant national and international science planning initiatives
- Develops education and outreach activities and products with the goal of promoting ocean carbon science to broader audiences
- Trains the next generation of ocean scientists and engages early career scientists in OCB activities (travel support, networking, mentoring)
What is our impact?
OCB cultivates a continually growing scientific network that fosters interdisciplinary collaborations, informs new projects and funding opportunities, and advances our mechanistic understanding of marine ecosystem-carbon cycle dynamics and their responses to environmental change. OCB activities provide an effective interdisciplinary model and forum for scientific inquiry and discussion.
View the OCB Timeline created by SustainaMetrix and OCB Project Office staff. This continually updated visualization features scientific and programmatic antecedents leading up to the development of the OCB Program in 2006, as well as key activities, partnerships, and outcomes of the OCB Program since its inception.
Articles About the OCB Program
Benway, H. M., Doney, S. C. (2014). Scientific outcomes and future challenges of the Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program. Oceanography 27(1):106-107 .
Benway, H. M., Doney, S. C. (2013). Addressing biogeochemical knowledge gaps. International Innovation (North America, June 2013), 12-14.
Doney, S. C. and H. M. Benway (2007). Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry: An eye toward integrated research. Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 16(3): 69.