Marine organisms require many elements for their survival such as carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nutrients (e.g., nitrogen, phosphorus, silicon), and trace elements (e.g., iron, cobalt, cadmium, zinc). The OCB community is interested in the biogeochemical cycling of these elements in the ocean and how they are changing through time, particularly in response to climate variability and change. Rising atmospheric CO2 levels are not only increasing global temperatures but as the ocean absorbs more of this CO2, it is changing the chemistry of the seawater, a process called ocean acidification (OA). In addition to OA, the oceans are undergoing many other concurrent changes in chemistry, including deoxygenation and pollution from nutrients and other sources. OCB researchers seek to understand the key drivers and dynamics of ocean chemistry changes and their implications for marine life and human communities.
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Products & Publications
Baumann, H. 2016. Combined effects of ocean acidification, warming, and hypoxia on marine organisms. Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures 6:1-43.
Benway, H. M., S. R. Cooley, S. C. Doney (2010). A catalyst for ocean acidification research and collaboration: Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Short Course on Ocean Acidification; Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 2–13 November 2009. Eos Trans. AGU 91 (12).
Bockmon, E. E., A.G. Dickson (2015). An inter-laboratory comparison assessing the quality of seawater carbon dioxide measurements. Marine Chemistry, 171: 36–43, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.02.002.
Boyd, PW, Collins, S, Dupont, S, Fabricius, K, Gattuso, J-P, Havenhand, J, Hutchins, DA, McGraw, CM, Riebesell, U, Vichi, M, Biswas, H, Ciotti, A, Dillingham, P, Gao, K, Gehlen, M, Hurd, CL, Kurihawa, H, , Navarro, J, Nilsson, GE, Passow, U and Portner, H-O (2019). SCOR WG149 Handbook to support the SCOR Best Practice Guide for ‘Multiple Drivers’ Marine Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.25959/5c92fdf0d3c7a (Website: https://meddle-scor149.org/)
Cooley, S. R. (2011). OCB Ocean Acidification Principal Investigators' Meeting. Meeting report.
Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007. Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp.
Fabry, V. J., C. Langdon, W. M. Balch, A. G. Dickson, R. A. Feely, B. Hales, D. A. Hutchins, J. A. Kleypas, and C. L. Sabine (2009): Present and future impacts of ocean acidification on marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, Report of the Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Scoping Workshop on Ocean Acidification Research (UCSD, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; 9–11 October 2007).
Fabry, V. J., C. Langdon, W. M. Balch, A. G. Dickson, R. A. Feely, B. Hales, D. A. Hutchins, J. A. Kleypas, and C. L. Sabine (2008). Ocean acidification’s effects on marine ecosystems and biogeochemistry: Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry scoping workshop on ocean acidification research. Eos 89(15): 143.
Feely, Richard A. and Doney, Scott (2011). Ocean Acidification: The Other CO2 Problem. ASLO Web Lectures, doi: 10.4319/lol.2011.rfeely_sdoney.5.
Feely, R. A. et al. (2010). An international observational network for ocean acidification. Ocean Obs '09 Community white paper.
Jiang, Li-Qing, Arzayus, Krisa M., Gattuso, Jean-Pierre, Garcia, Hernan E., Chandler, Cynthia, Kozyr, Alex, Yang, Yan, Thomas, Rob, Beck, Brian and Spears, Tobias. 2016. How to Document - Ocean Acidification Data. Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures, doi: 10.1002/loe2.10004.
OCB Subcommittee on Ocean Acidification (2010). OCB response to the EPA call for public comment on addressing ocean acidification in the 303(d) program.
OCB Subcommittee on Ocean Acidification (2009). OCB response to the EPA Notice of Data Availability on ocean acidification.
Paytan, Adina and Hönisch, Bärbel. 2016. Ocean Acidification - A Paleo Perspective. Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures, doi: 10.1002/loe2.10003.
Riebesell U., Fabry V. J., Hansson L. & Gattuso J.-P. (Eds.) (2010). Guide to best practices for ocean acidification research and data reporting, 260 p. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Special issue on Emerging Topics in Ocean Acidification Science (2015). Oceanography 28(2).
Special issue on Changing Ocean Chemistry (2014). Oceanography 27(1).
Special Issue on the Future of Ocean Biogeochemistry in a High-CO2 World (2009). Oceanography 22(4).
Policy & Planning
National Research Council (2010). Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.
OCB Subcommittee on Ocean Acidification (2009). Ocean Acidification - Recommended Strategy for a U.S. National Research Program, Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Program, 14 pp.
Outreach & Communication
GOA-ON's Pier2Peer Program
C-MORE Ocean Acidification Science Kit (OCB hosts this kit for US east coast teachers)