OCB Science Highlights

OCB Science Highlights

If you would like to have your recent publications featured on the OCB website and eNewsletter please contact ocb_news@whoi.edu. View our guidelines for writing a OCB Science Highlight.

Summer Reading – Science Highlights Galore!

August 26, 2022

We’ve gotten a heap of great submissions in recent months and we’ve gathered 11 pieces here for your summer reading! Check out the Science Highlights page to read them all, and thank you to the authors for sharing summaries of their recent work!

Read More

Drivers of recent Chesapeake Bay warming

August 26, 2022

Coastal water temperatures have been increasing globally with more frequent marine heat waves threatening marine life and nearshore communities reliant upon these ecosystems. Often, this warming is assumed to be uniform in space and time; however, this is not the case in the Chesapeake Bay, where warming waters play a major role in exacerbating low […]

Read More

Nutrient management improves hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay despite record-breaking precipitation and warming

August 26, 2022

Hypoxia is currently one of the greatest threats to coastal and estuarine ecosystems around the world, and this threat is projected to get worse as waters warm and human populations continue to increase. Over the past 35-years, a massive effort has been underway to decrease hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay by reducing nutrient input from […]

Read More

Integrated analysis of carbon dioxide and oxygen concentrations as a quality control of ocean float data

August 26, 2022

A recent study in Communications Earth & Environment, examined spatiotemporal patterns of the two dissolved gases CO2 and O2 in the surface ocean, using the high-quality global dataset GLODAPv2.2020. We used surface ocean data from GLODAP to make plots of carbon dioxide and oxygen relative to saturation (CORS plots). These plots of CO2 deviations from […]

Read More

Why are sand lance embryos so sensitive to future high CO2-oceans?

August 26, 2022

Two decades of ocean acidification experiments have shown that elevated CO2 can affect many traits in fish early life stages. Only few species, however, show direct CO2-induced survival reductions. This may partly reflect a bias in our current empirical record, which is dominated by species from nearshore tropical-to-temperate environments. There, these organisms already experience highly […]

Read More

Seaweeds for carbon dioxide removal: Forensic accounting is essential

August 26, 2022

Terrestrial forests are well known as major carbon stores and are already used in carbon credit and offset schemes. In the coastal zone, seaweeds have a similar functional role to trees (carbon dioxide fixation, primary production) and on this basis are being promoted for use as carbon offsets. However, compared to terrestrial forests in which […]

Read More

Is it a shift of the surface ecosystem toward small cells in the eastern North Pacific subtropical gyre?

August 26, 2022

The eastern North Pacific subtropical gyre (NPSG) ecosystem contains a large proportion of the ocean surface, resulting in a significant impact on the global ocean primary production and export production. The NPSG is influenced by the interannual climate variabilities of the Pacific decadal oscillation and North Pacific gyre oscillation (NPGO). In particular, a recent report […]

Read More

How does the competition between phytoplankton and bacteria for iron alter ocean biogeochemical cycles?

August 26, 2022

Free-living bacteria play a key role in cycling essential biogeochemical resources in the ocean, including iron, via their uptake, transformation, and release of organic matter throughout the water column. Bacteria process half of the ocean’s primary production, remineralize dissolved organic matter, and re-direct otherwise lost organic matter to higher trophic levels. For these reasons, it […]

Read More

Carbon fluxes in the coastal ocean: Synthesis, boundary processes and future trends

August 26, 2022

A vital part of mitigating climate change is the coastal and open ocean carbon sink, without this, it is not possible to meet the target set by the Paris Agreement. More research is needed to better understand the ocean carbon cycle and its future role in the uptake of anthropogenic carbon. A review provides an […]

Read More

The most important 234Th disequilibrium compilation you ever saw

August 25, 2022

Thorium-234 (234Th), a naturally radioactive element present in nature, is one of the most actively used tracers in oceanography. 234Th is widely used to study the removal rate of material on sinking particles from the upper ocean, known as “scavenging,” and for determining the downward flux of carbon. Starting in 1969, ocean measurements of the […]

Read More

Filter by Keyword

234Th disequilibrium abundance acidification africa air-sea interactions air-sea interface algae alkalinity allometry ammonium AMOC anoxia anoxic Antarctic anthro impacts anthropogenic carbon aquaculture aragonite saturation arctic Argo arsenic artificial seawater Atlantic Atlantic modeling atmospheric carbon atmospheric CO2 atmospheric nitrogen deposition authigenic carbonates autonomous platforms bacteria BATS benthic bgc argo bio-go-ship bio-optical bioavailability biogeochemical cycles biogeochemical cycling biogeochemical models biogeochemistry Biological Essential Ocean Variables biological pump biological uptake biophysics bloom blooms blue carbon bottom water boundary layer buffer capacity C14 CaCO3 calcification calcite carbon-climate feedback carbon-sulfur coupling carbon budget carbon cycle carbon dioxide carbon export carbon sequestration carbon storage Caribbean CCA CCS changi changing marine ecosystems changing marine environments changing ocean chemistry chemical oceanographic data chemical speciation chemoautotroph chesapeake bay chl a chlorophyll circulation climate change climate variability CO2 CO2YS coastal darkening coastal ocean cobalt Coccolithophores community composition conservation cooling effect copepod coral reefs CTD currents cyclone data data access data management data product Data standards DCM dead zone decadal trends decomposers decomposition deep convection deep ocean deep sea coral deoxygenation depth diagenesis diatoms DIC diel migration dimethylsulfide dinoflagellate discrete measurements dissolved inorganic carbon dissolved organic carbon DOC DOM domoic acid dust DVM earth system models ecology ecosystems ecosystem state eddy Education Ekman transport emissions ENSO enzyme equatorial regions error ESM estuarine and coastal carbon estuarine and coastal carbon fluxes estuary euphotic zone eutrophication evolution export export fluxes export production EXPORTS extreme events extreme weather events faecal pellets filter feeders filtration rates fire fish Fish carbon fisheries floats fluid dynamics fluorescence food webs forage fish forams freshening freshwater frontal zone fronts functional role future oceans geochemistry geoengineering geologic time GEOTRACES glaciers gliders global carbon budget global ocean global warming go-ship grazing greenhouse gas Greenland groundwater Gulf of Maine Gulf of Mexico Gulf Stream gyre harmful algal bloom high latitude human food human impact hurricane hydrogen hydrothermal hypoxia ice age ice cores ice cover industrial onset inverse circulation ions iron iron fertilization isotopes jellies katabatic winds kelvin waves krill kuroshio laboratory vs field land-ocean continuum larvaceans lateral transport LGM lidar ligands light light attenuation lipids mangroves marine carbon cycle marine heatwave marine snowfall marshes Mediterranean meltwater mesopelagic mesoscale metagenome metals methane methods microbes microlayer microorganisms microscale microzooplankton midwater mixed layer mixed layers mixotrophy modeling models mode water molecular diffusion MPT multi-decade n2o NAAMES NASA NCP net community production net primary productivity new ocean state new technology Niskin bottle nitrate nitrogen nitrogen fixation nitrous oxide north atlantic north pacific nuclear war nutricline nutrient budget nutrient cycling nutrient limitation nutrients OA ocean-atmosphere ocean acidification ocean acidification data ocean carbon uptake and storage ocean color ocean observatories ocean warming ODZ oligotrophic omics OMZ open ocean optics organic particles oscillation overturning circulation oxygen pacific paleoceanography particle flux pCO2 PDO peat pelagic PETM pH phenology phosphorus photosynthesis physical processes physiology phytoplankton PIC plankton POC polar regions pollutants precipitation predation prediction primary production primary productivity Prochlorococcus proteins pteropods pycnocline radioisotopes remineralization remote sensing repeat hydrography residence time resource management respiration resuspension rivers rocky shore Rossby waves Ross Sea ROV salinity salt marsh satell satellite scale seafloor seagrass sea ice sea level rise seasonal patterns seasonal trends sea spray seaweed sediments sensors shelf system shells ship-based observations shorelines silicate sinking particles size SOCCOM soil carbon southern ocean south pacific spatial covariations speciation SST stoichiometry subduction submesoscale subpolar subtropical sulfate surf surface surface ocean Synechococcus teleconnections temperate temperature temporal covariations thermocline thermodynamics thermohaline thorium tidal time-series time of emergence top predators total alkalinity trace elements trace metals trait-based transfer efficiency transient features Tris trophic transfer tropical turbulence twilight zone upper ocean upper water column upwelling US CLIVAR validation velocity gradient ventilation vertical flux vertical migration vertical transport volcano warming water clarity water quality western boundary currents wetlands winter mixing world ocean compilation zooplankton