OCB Science Highlights

OCB Science Highlights

If you would like to have your recent publications featured on the OCB website and eNewsletter please contact ocb_news@whoi.edu. View our guidelines for writing a OCB Science Highlight.

Does dark carbon fixation supply labile DOC to the deep ocean?

March 30, 2023

Nitrifying microbes are the most abundant chemoautotrophs in the dark ocean. Though better known for their role in the nitrogen cycle, they also fix dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) into biomass and thus play an important role in the global carbon cycle. The release of organic compounds by these microbes may represent an as-yet unaccounted for […]

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Enhanced-warming Kuroshio Current experiences rapid seawater acidification and CO2 increase

March 30, 2023

In order to project the future states of the climate and the marine ecosystem it is vital to understand the long-term changes in ocean carbon chemistry driven by anthropogenic influence. A paucity of data make the rates of seawater acidification and partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) rise on ocean margins highly uncertain. A recent study in Marine Pollution […]

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Severe warming = 15% increase in bacterial respiration: Southern Ocean most impacted

March 30, 2023

The utilization, respiration, and remineralization of organic matter exported from the ocean surface to its depths are key processes in the ocean carbon cycle. Marine heterotrophic Bacteria play a critical role in these activities. However, most three-dimensional (3-D) coupled physical-biogeochemical models do not explicitly include Bacteria as a state variable. Instead, they rely on parameterization […]

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Small particles contribute significantly to the biological carbon pump in the subpolar North Atlantic

February 13, 2023

The ocean’s biological carbon pump (BCP) is a collection of processes that transport organic carbon from the surface to the deep ocean where the carbon is sequestered for decades to millennia. Variations in the strength of the BCP can substantially change atmospheric CO2 levels and affect the global climate. It is important to accurately estimate […]

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An expanding understanding of Southern Ocean productivity and export

February 13, 2023

Biology in the Southern Ocean is known to help regulate Earth’s climate by capturing and eventually sequestering carbon from its surface. Unfortunately, accurate estimates of the magnitude of the Southern Ocean (SO) biological carbon sink are limited and subject to ongoing debate. However, a recently published study used the expanding Southern Ocean BGC-Argo fleet to […]

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Unexpected global diatom decline in response to ocean acidification

December 13, 2022

Biological impacts of ocean acidification have been the subject of intense research for more than a decade. While it is known that more acidic seawater will create difficulties for calcifying organisms (e.g. corals or coccolithophores), diatoms have so far been considered to be resilient against, or even benefit from, ocean acidification. But an overlooked biogeochemical […]

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Towards using historical oxygen observations to reconstruct the air-sea flux of biological oxygen

December 13, 2022

Dissolved oxygen (O2) is a central observation in oceanography with a long history of relatively high precision measurements and increasing coverage over the 21st century. O2 is a powerful tracer of physical, chemical and biological processes (e.g., photosynthesis and respiration, wave-induced bubbles, mixing, and air-sea diffusion). A commonly used approach to partition the processes controlling […]

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Linking the calcium carbonate and alkalinity cycles in the North Pacific ocean

December 13, 2022

The marine carbon and alkalinity cycles are tightly coupled. Seawater stores so much carbon because of its high alkalinity, or buffering capacity, and the main driver of alkalinity cycling is the formation and dissolution of biologically produced calcium carbonate (CaCO3). In a recent publication in GBC, the authors conducted novel carbon-13 tracer experiments to measure […]

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Summer Reading – Science Highlights Galore!

August 26, 2022

We’ve gotten a heap of great submissions in recent months and we’ve gathered 11 pieces here for your summer reading! Check out the Science Highlights page to read them all, and thank you to the authors for sharing summaries of their recent work!

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Drivers of recent Chesapeake Bay warming

August 26, 2022

Coastal water temperatures have been increasing globally with more frequent marine heat waves threatening marine life and nearshore communities reliant upon these ecosystems. Often, this warming is assumed to be uniform in space and time; however, this is not the case in the Chesapeake Bay, where warming waters play a major role in exacerbating low […]

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