Dear Ocean Sciences Professional,
The National Science Foundation is seeking applicants for the position of Division Director for Ocean Sciences (OCE) in the Geosciences Directorate. We are using every possible avenue to ensure this vacancy announcement is widely advertised and attracts a very diverse pool of highly qualified candidates. We encourage you to consider this potential opportunity to serve as the leader of the OCE Division at NSF and for application details refer you to: https://www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/483044800.
Due to the recent government shutdown in late January, the closing date has been extended to February 20, 2018.
Please note that the federal employment application process is different than those in academia, therefore in addition to your resume and general application, it is strongly recommended that you provide a written narrative to address Executive Qualifications and Professional/Technical Qualifications as outlined in the application materials.
If this opportunity does not fit your current professional or personal situation, but you have recommendations of colleagues whom you believe would be strong candidates, please encourage them to apply. We also encourage you to pass along your recommendations to the search committee, and we will contact candidates directly.
Members of the Search Committee below are available to answer questions you may have.
Thank you for any assistance you can provide us in ensuring NSF selects the most highly skilled and visionary leaders.
Sincerely, Search Committee Chair: Kelly K. Falkner (firstname.lastname@example.org) Search Committee members: Tom Drake (email@example.com), Bob Houtman (firstname.lastname@example.org@nsf.gov), Deborah Smith (email@example.com), Mike Sieracki (firstname.lastname@example.org), Roxanne Nikolaus (email@example.com)
GEO/OCE Newsletter 2/5/18
OCB is excited to announce the following plenary sessions for the 2018 OCB Summer Workshop to be held June 25-28, 2018 in Woods Hole, MA. Registration and workshop website will open in Spring 2018.
OCB is pleased to announce the outcomes of the recent OCB proposal solicitation. With 17 proposals, the decision process was especially challenging this year. The proposals were scored based on scientific merit, relevance to OCB, potential benefits to the broader OCB community, and timeliness. The following new OCB activities have been selected for funding in 2018-2019. More information on these activities, including timelines, participation, and dedicated web pages on the OCB website will be announced soon.
Find jobs, read news from the OCB Project Office and OCB Community, view upcoming meeting and deadlines in the Ocean Carbon Exchange eNewsletter, sent every other Thursday. Click to read the latest issue or sign up here. Note, this eNewsletter replaces the ocb-all email listserv. The Ocean Carbon Exchange archive is available here. Please send announcements to firstname.lastname@example.org.
October 15-20, 2018, Honolulu, Hawai’i
Application Deadline: 1 May, 2018 apply at http://eco-das.org/
The Ecological Dissertations in the Aquatic Sciences symposium series is designed to:
The 2018 symposium will be held at the East-West Center, University of Hawai`i at Manoa campus, 15-20 October 2018. Applicants should have received their PhD on or after 1 June 2017, or expect to receive it before 1 June 2019. The dissertation work of the applicant must deal with an important ecological problem in oceanography or limnology. Applications will include: a current resume, a letter of support from the applicants current (graduate or postdoctoral) advisor, up to two additional letters of support from other individuals familiar with the applicants background (optional), a personal statement regarding the applicants goals and reasons for applying (2 pages maximum), and a substantive outline of a proposed collaborative manuscript (3 pages maximum). All travel and on-site expenses will be paid by the program.
Applications are due by 1 May 2018. For more information regarding the symposium, including application requirements and procedures, see the symposium website at: http://eco-das.org/ or contact email@example.com. Past symposia have resulted in proceedings volumes published as Limnology and Oceanography e-Books; and individual articles appearing in Limnology and Oceanography: Letters, Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments, Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin, F1000 Research, Oecologia, Environmental Evidence and other journals.
Eco-DAS funding is provided by NSF. Eco-DAS is sponsored by the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), and the Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) at the University of Hawai’i.
“Frontiers in Ocean Optics and Ocean Colour Science”
Villefranche-sur-Mer, France (25 June – 7 July 2018)
The 2018 IOCCG Summer Lecture Series, dedicated to high-level training in the fundamentals of ocean optics, bio-optics and ocean colour remote sensing will take place at the Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), France from 25 June – 7 July 2018. Prospective students can apply online at: http://ioccg.org/what-we-do/training-and-education/ioccg-sls-2018/ (deadline 5 March 2018).
Several distinguished scientists have been invited to provide lectures on cutting edge research, focusing on current critical issues in ocean colour science. Students will be given ample opportunity to meet with the lecturers for in-depth discussions on various pre-selected topics, as well as on their own scientific research. This training course is open to young graduate scientists and post-doctoral fellows with a strong background in ocean optics, as well as researchers with a longer record in ocean colour research hoping to broaden their knowledge. Reports and videos from previous IOCCG Summer Lecture Series can be viewed here.
The emphasis of the course will be on current critical issues in ocean colour science, and will consist of lectures by specialists as well as a few hands-on practical sessions. Participants should be familiar with downloading and processing satellite ocean colour imagery. Lectures will tentatively cover the following topics (final agenda to be provided at a later date):
The course will be sponsored by:
There is no fee for the lecture series but students are expected to cover some of their own expenses including meals, taxis and airfare. Free accommodation will be available for all students. A limited number of scholarships will be available from EUMETSAT, SCOR and OCB.
The 2018 IOCCG Summer Lecture Series website will be updated periodically, so please bookmark this link: http://ioccg.org/what-we-do/training-and-education/ioccg-sls-2018/.
Applications will be open from 1 February 2018 to 5 March 2018.
Contacts: David Siegel (UCSB; EXPORTS Science Lead) & Ivona Cetinić (NASA GSFC/USRA; EXPORTS Project Scientist)
Ocean ecosystems constitute a significant fraction of the world’s primary production, fixing CO2 and creating oxygen while playing critical roles in sequestering CO2 from the atmosphere. An improved understanding of the cycling and fate of oceanic organic carbon will not only allow for better prediction of how these processes may change in the future, but it will help underpin the societal value of these ocean ecosystem services. The EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) field campaign aims to provide answers to these questions.
The goal of EXPORTS is to develop a predictive understanding of the export and fate of global ocean net primary production (NPP) and its implications for the Earth’s carbon cycle in present and future climates (oceanexports.org). To develop this quantitative understanding, EXPORTS will measure and model the export pathways that remove fixed organic carbon from the upper ocean and drive the attenuation of these vertical fluxes within the ocean interior. EXPORTS datasets will be used to develop and test numerical predictive and satellite-data diagnostic models of NPP fates and their carbon cycle impacts. EXPORTS builds on decades of NASA-funded research on developing and validating satellite data-driven models of regional to global NPP and hence, EXPORTS will contribute to NASA’s upcoming Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud and ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission.
The NASA EXPORTS field campaign is the result of an initial open competition in 2012 by the NASA Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry (OBB) Program to identify scoping workshops for future field campaigns. This was followed by many years of committee-based planning, community vetting of science and implementation plans, and final peer review. The NASA EXPORTS Science and Implementation Plans were made publicly available by the NASA OBB program. In February 2016, the National Science Foundation held the Biology of the Biological Pump (BoBP) workshop aimed in part to leverage NASA’s planned investment in the EXPORTS field program. In August 2016, NASA announced it would support data mining and observational system simulation experiment (OSSE) projects to help with planning the NASA EXPORTS field campaign and five projects were funded under this pre-EXPORTS call.
In early 2017, NASA released a call for proposals for the EXPORTS field program and the competition for inclusion on the NASA EXPORTS Science Team and its leadership. The call also included the implementation approach for the EXPORTS field program, with two major cruises to collect in situ data, followed by a synthesis and analysis phase to be competed in the future. At the same time, NSF released a Dear Colleague Letter (DCL) stating they would consider proposals that leveraged the NASA investment with objectives that supported the BoBP plan. From the NASA competition, 11 projects were selected for support (Table 1). Three NSF proposals have been recommended for support (at the time of this writing, the awarding of these grants is not yet official), bringing the count to a total of 41 PIs and co-PIs that are supported by NASA and NSF on EXPORTS/BoBP. This level of investment likely makes EXPORTS the largest coordinated U.S.-funded biogeochemical field program since the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) nearly 2 decades ago. Table 1 lists the funded projects, PI, and co-PIs, project titles, and links to two page descriptions for each project.
Any implementation of the EXPORTS field program must result in the quantification of the major export pathways that remove fixed organic carbon from the upper ocean and sequester it at depth. NASA is uniquely poised, given the global vantage point of space-based observations, to use Earth observing satellite data to meet this objective, while also understanding observational requirements for future advanced Earth Observing missions. Quantification of major carbon export pathways requires the simultaneous measurement of 1) sinking particle fluxes (and their composition), 2) the export of organic carbon to depth via vertically migrating zooplankton, and 3) the vertical transport of dissolved and suspended particulate organic carbon to depth, where it is remineralized by different microbial communities. To develop predictive links to satellite ocean color-retrievable parameters, the quantification of export pathways must be augmented by research programs focused on, but not limited to, the elucidation of plankton community structure, rates of NPP and grazing, and optical oceanography. Complicating this further is the stochastic nature of export flux determinations that necessitates a fully four-dimensional sampling design while maintaining a long-term perspective. This reasoning led to the Agency selection of projects listed in Table 1.
The planning of the EXPORTS field campaign is well underway. The first field deployment is planned to take place in the summer of 2018 in the Northeast Pacific, while the tentative second cruise will be in the North Atlantic Ocean in the spring of 2020. NASA has formed a project office staffed of Agency and EXPORTS PIs to direct EXPORTS’ progress. The EXPORTS Science Team, which comprises the funded PIs, is participating on near-weekly teleconferences, and co-chief scientists have been selected. An initial EXPORTS kickoff meeting was held in September 2017 in the Washington, DC area. There, the PIs organized themselves into working groups focused on creating short methodological descriptions for each measurement to be made. This documentation will be critical for the metadata, the project data management, and for ensuring legacy of the program through a set of NASA Technical Memoranda. This has also proven to be an excellent way to foster cross-project collaborations. A second PI meeting is scheduled for mid-February 2018, leveraging the upcoming Ocean Sciences Meeting.
The first EXPORTS field deployment will be to the Northeast Pacific Ocean in late summer 2018. Two ships, the R/V Roger Revelle and the R/V Sally Ride, will be deployed for 27 days of coordinated sampling around Station P (50°N 145°W), while EXPORTS’ autonomous component will ensure a longer-term presence. The choice of Station P as an anchor point for the field campaign was made based on results from the data mining and OSSE projects and the availability of a long-term data set for this site, as well as the many sampling partnerships afforded by ongoing programs. Canada’s Line P long-term hydrographic/biogeochemistry program has been running since 1949, and they currently conduct three annual transect cruises from British Columbia to Station P. Other useful partnerships include NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory’s (PMEL) air-sea interaction buoy and the NSF’s Ocean Observatories Initiative’s (OOI) global node at Station P.
The EXPORTS 2018 field deployment will comprise four basic components (depicted in Figure 1 above). First, several autonomous vehicles will be deployed before the ship observations. An instrumented Lagrangian float will be deployed at depth and used to set the spatial center of the sampling program, while an instrumented Seaglider will be used to provide vertical and some horizontal spatial information around the Lagrangian float’s drift. In addition, and if approved by the OOI Facility Board, instrumented gliders deployed at the Station P OOI global node will be used to supplement the autonomous vehicle data streams.
Second, the R/V Roger Revelle will be the Process Ship, and will follow the Lagrangian float. The Process Ship will focus on rates (NPP, sinking particle fluxes, grazing, net community production, zooplankton respiration and fecal particle production, aggregate formation, etc.) and vertical information (microbial community structure and particle size spectra) in the water mass surrounding the float. Rate measurements will be made using water sampled with a trace metal-clean rosette system, and sinking particle fluxes from neutrally buoyant sediment traps (NBSTs) and sediment trap array. In particular, microbial community structure will be measured using a variety of techniques, including high-throughput microscopic imaging systems, meta-community genomic sequencing, isolation and experimentation on individual marine snow aggregates, and gel trap-collected sinking particles. The Process Ship will also conduct a complete optical oceanographic sampling program ensuring links to remotely sensed parameters. Drs. Deborah Steinberg (VIMS) and Jason Graff (OSU) have volunteered to be co-chief scientists for the R/V Revelle.
Third, the R/V Sally Ride will be the Survey Ship making spatial patterns about the Process Ship on scales from roughly 1 km to nearly 100 km. The focus of the Survey Ship will be collecting horizontal spatial information on particle export (234Th disequilibrium), net community production (O2/Ar), organic carbon stocks, phytoplankton composition, and inherent and apparent optical properties. The Survey Ship will also deploy a suite of instrumentation to characterize the particle size spectrum from 20 nm to nearly a cm. It will also be responsible for validating the calibration of the autonomous vehicles’ bio-optical instrumentation and the development of the biogeochemical proxies. Norm Nelson (UCSB) and Mary Jane Perry (self-affiliated) have agreed to be the co-chief scientists on the R/V Sally Ride.
Last, EXPORTS needs a long-term sampling presence to tie the ship-based observations to climatically relevant time and space scales. The Lagrangian float and Seaglider will sample for ~6 months, bracketing EXPORTS’ intensive ship observations, and thus providing some long-term perspectives to the ship sampling. Partnering programs like Line P and the OOI Global Node will allow for some additional in situ sampling opportunities and broader temporal context. Further, the PMEL mooring and a profiling float project recommended for funding by NSF will extend the long-term biogeochemical observations.
The integration of the observations will generate a data set that will not only be invaluable for building new algorithms for retrievals of new and refined data products from NASA’s current fleet of Earth Observing Satellites, but also will be critical in the development of new sets of requirements for future satellite observations of our Earth system. As described in the EXPORTS Implementation Plan, the likelihood of the EXPORTS achieving its predictive goals will increase as the number and variety of observations available to develop and test novel algorithms increases. Hence, the EXPORTS program is particularly motivated to collaborate with international partners who would be interested to share their data sets to address these important issues.
EXPORTS is the first large-scale, coordinated opportunity aimed at understanding the ocean’s biological pump since the JGOFS program. Hence, the EXPORTS team is planning to create a long-term legacy for these one-of-a-kind datasets. NASA is supporting a full-time data manager to make sure that all of the information collected is easily accessible to all; as per NASA policies, all data will be freely available. Efforts are being made to ensure the intercalibration and interoperability of measurements made across different platforms, thus ensuring continuity of the datasets. EXPORTS also plans to over-collect whole water, filtered particulate, and trap-collected samples that can be used for many purposes, both now by collaborators, and in the future as analytical methodologies become more powerful.
The timing for EXPORTS could not be better. Our understanding of the biological pump and in particular, the fate of ocean NPP has rapidly advanced over the past decade. We now know that the biological pump is four-dimensional, which complicates our observational approaches, and that food web and aggregate dynamics, microbial community composition and function, individual organism physiology and behavior, and submesoscale turbulent transport are all components that need to be quantified. Further, our observing tools and capabilities have witnessed giant leaps over just the past couple of years. Novel imaging instruments can now measure particle and aggregate size distributions and identify and quantify plankton abundances. Genomic approaches enable the characterization of plankton communities and their physiology. Novel hyperspectral optical measurements of ocean reflectance as well as component inherent optical properties provide strong links to present and future satellite ocean color missions. High-resolution numerical models now enable the elucidation of submesoscale (100s m to ~10 km) processes that include food webs and biogeochemistry, while autonomous vehicles provide persistent and spatially distributed observations that complement the shipboard sampling. It seems the time for EXPORTS is now.
Table 1: EXPORTS Science Team
|Lead PI||Co-PIs||Project Title|
(OSU) – NASA
|Emmanuel Boss (UMaine), Jason Graff (OSU), Lionel Guidi (LOV), Kim Halsey (OSU), & Lee Karp-Boss (UMaine)||First Step – Linking Remotely-Detectable Optical Signals, Photic Layer Plankton Properties, and Export Flux|
(WHOI) – NASA
|Claudia Benitez-Nelson (USC) & Laure Resplandy (Princeton)||Elucidating Spatial and Temporal Variability in the Export and Attenuation of Ocean Primary Production using Thorium-234|
(UCSB) – NASA
|Dennis Hansell (RSMAS)||Evaluating the Controls of Dissolved Organic Matter Accumulation, its Availability to Bacterioplankton, its Subsequent Diagenetic Alteration and Contribution to Export Flux|
(WHOI), Colleen Durkin (MLML) & Melissa Omand (URI)
|Linking Sinking Particle Chemistry and Biology with Changes in the Magnitude and Efficiency of Carbon Export into the Deep Ocean|
(UW) – NASA
|Eric D’Asaro (UW), David Nicholson (WHOI), Melissa Omand (URI), Mary Jane Perry (self-affiliated) & Andrew Thompson (CalTech)||Autonomous Investigation of Export Pathways from Hours to Seasons|
|Adrian Marchetti (UNC) – NASA||Nicolas Cassar (Duke) & Scott Gifford (UNC)||Quantifying the Carbon Export Potential of the Marine Microbial Community: Coupling of Biogenic Rates and Fluxes with Genomics at the Ocean Surface|
(URI) – NASA
|Tatiana Rynearson (URI)||Quantifying Plankton Predation Rates, and Effects on Primary Production, Phytoplankton Community Composition, Size Spectra and Potential for Export|
|Collin Roesler (Bowdoin) – NASA||Heidi Sosik (WHOI)||Phytoplankton community structure, carbon stock, carbon export and carbon flux: What role do diatoms play in the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans?|
(UCSB) – NASA
|Adrian Burd (UGA), Andrew McDonnell (UAF), Norm Nelson (UCSB) & Uta Passow (UCSB)||Synthesizing Optically and Carbon Export-Relevant Particle Size Distributions for the EXPORTS Field Campaign|
|Deborah Steinberg (VIMS) – NASA||Amy Maas (BIOS)||Zooplankton-Mediated Export Pathways: Quantifying Fecal Pellet Export and Active Transport by Diel and Ontogenetic Vertical Migration in the North Pacific and Atlantic Oceans|
|Xiaodong Zhang (UND) – NASA||Deric Gray (NRL), Lionel Guidi (LOV) & Yannick Huot (Sherbrooke)||Optically Resolving Size and Composition Distributions of Particles in the Dissolved-Particulate Continuum from 20 nm to 20 mm to Improve the Estimate of Carbon Flux|
|Bethany Jenkins (URI) – NSF*||Mark Brzezinski (UCSB) & Kristen Buck (USF)||Collaborative Research: Diatoms, Food Webs and Carbon Export – Leveraging NASA EXPORTS to Test the Role of Diatom Physiology in the Biological Carbon Pump|
|Ben Van Mooy (WHOI) -NSF*||Environmental Lipidomics of Suspended and Sinking Particles in the Upper Ocean|
|Andrea Fassbender (MBARI) – NSF*||Constraining Upper-Ocean Carbon Export with Biogeochemical Profiling Floats|
*Project recommended for funding by NSF, but not officially funded as of this publication.
3. CALL FOR PRESENTATIONS